Their primary concern was not so much to explain criminal behavior but to develop a legal system by which the punishment would fit the crime. According to classical theory, crime is explained as a free will, voluntary choice.
Types[ edit ] Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is often separated into three categories: There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Delinquent activity, particularly the involvement in youth gangs, may also be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats. Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both Theoreticaltheoretical explinations of juvenile delenquency and environmental factors.
This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, and low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves.
These factors may lead to the child having low IQ and may increase the rate of illiteracy.
Modern studies on juvenile delinquency have found these factors influential enough in juvenile delinquency thus describing them as contemporary theories (HÅ n-su & HyÅ n-sil , p. 39). A good example is educational abilities of some victims of this kind of crimes. Three theoretical explanations of crime caustion. Research of juvenile delinquency and youth gangs found that criminal behavior directed towards its development as an interdisciplinary study to integrate valid elements of theories in a single "corpus" of crime explanations. Biological theories of crime made the common assumptions that. THEORIES OF DELINQUENCY, BY DONALD J. SHOEMAKER Dr. Taner ÇAM Interpersonal and Situational Explanations 8) Control Theories 9) Labeling Theory 10) The Radical Theory of Delinquency juvenile crime problem has existed for centuries. However, the concern started after.
Children who are often in conflict with their parents may be less willing to discuss their activities with them. Although children are rejected by peers for many reasons, it is often the case that they are rejected due to violent or aggressive behavior.
This rejections affects the child's ability to be socialized properly, which can reduce their aggressive tendencies, and often leads them to gravitate towards anti-social peer groups. This often leads to an impulsive and aggressive reaction. Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to exhibit delinquent behavior.
For classicists, offenders are motivated by rational self-interestand the importance of free will and personal responsibility is emphasized. Delinquency is one of the major factors motivated by rational choice.
Social disorganization[ edit ] Current positivist approaches generally focus on the culture. A type of criminological theory attributing variation in crime and delinquency over time and among territories to the absence or breakdown of communal institutions e.
Strain[ edit ] Strain theory is associated mainly with the work of Robert Merton. He felt that there are institutionalized paths to success in society. Strain theory holds that crime is caused by the difficulty those in poverty have in achieving socially valued goals by legitimate means.
Merton believed that drug users are in this category. A difficulty with strain theory is that it does not explore why children of low-income families would have poor educational attainment in the first place. More importantly is the fact that much youth crime does not have an economic motivation.
Strain theory fails to explain violent crimethe type of youth crime that causes most anxiety to the public. Differential association[ edit ] The theory of Differential association also deals with young people in a group context, and looks at how peer pressure and the existence of gangs could lead them into crime.
It suggests young people are motivated to commit crimes by delinquent peers, and learn criminal skills from them.
The diminished influence of peers after men marry has also been cited as a factor in desisting from offending. There is strong evidence that young people with criminal friends are more likely to commit crimes themselves.
However it may be the case that offenders prefer to associate with one another, rather than delinquent peers causing someone to start offending.III. Major Theories of Juvenile Delinquency. Any idea about the causes, extent, and correlates of juvenile delinquency is essentially a theory, such as equating juvenile delinquency with sin and violating God’s law.
Juvenile Delinquency TABLE THEORIES OF CRIMINAL CAUSATION 63 Several elements are commonly present in sociological explanations of delinquency and crime: • Socioeconomic conditions and pressures shape individual and collective behavior.
• Inequality and deprivation are associated with delinquency and criminality/5(3). 75% of juvenile delinquency cases had male offenders. Juvenile delinquency cases declined by % from to Lesson Summary.
Let's review. Juvenile delinquency is when an individual under the age of 18 commits unlawful acts. The literature is examined from five theoretical perspectives: social control, power control, strain, subcultural, and feminist theories.
The author concludes that overall existing research does not support the contention that gender-based theories are unnecessary, although strain and subculture theory may require less gender specificity than social control theory.
Juvenile Delinquency Theories “Once a criminal, always a criminal”, this is a famous saying that is common to the American household and which most finds to be true. Once an individual associates him or herself with criminal behavior they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend.
juvenile delinquency, theories of The topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory. Three major sociological traditions, including structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory, contribute to the explanation of delinquency.