I feel we are ready for our portrait of USG in the large—what she is, and how she came to be. Perhaps Goya put it best: Goya left no captions for his Black Paintingsso we have no way of knowing whether or not he meant to call this one Democracy.
Primarily a movement in art and literature, it claimed to represent common people and their everyday circumstances based on accurate observation.
Realism challenged centuries of tradition, when the highest art aspired to idealized pictorial forms and heroic subjects. The leader of artistic realism was the French painter Gustave Courbet Its advent revolutionized the history of art, leading to impressionism.
In literature, various writers represented realism, from Gustave Flaubert to Henry James Unlike in art, literary realism was rarely self-conscious or polemical. The movement realism must be distinguished from the generic term realism —the latter an aspect of much art and literature throughout time.
In its general meaning, the word can refer to an optical or descriptive realism, in which forms or details appear to be drawn from life or produce an illusion of reality.
In art, this type of realism is an ingredient in the high classicism of the Greek age of the Parthenon, in Roman portraiture, in certain Renaissance and Baroque styles, in Pre-Raphaelitism, and in photorealism, among many others. Indeed, in literature, prose generally developed as a realist genre, as opposed to epic or lyric poetry.
In theater, realism was associated primarily with comedy, whereas tragedy was considered more ideal. Following a related hierarchy, realism in art developed in opposition to academic classicism, which looked back to antiquity and the conventions of the French classical theater of Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine for its idealist forms.
The realism movement was a response to two interrelated factors. On the one hand, there was an increasing demand for rational and eventually scientific empiricism, which since the Enlightenment had been regarded as intellectually and socially progressive.
The invention of photography inwhich introduced a new standard for optical realism, can be considered in the light of the same spirit, for there would otherwise have been no incentive or use for it. Second, the same rationalism encouraged the rights of the individual against both coercive political regimes and their art academies.
It followed romanticism, which was already encouraging artistic freedom and self-expression, with artists looking to nature as their source. In his Realist ManifestoCourbet stated his aim as: Linking a faithful portrayal of his times with artistic independence from teachings based on imitations of classical arthe made both elements the basis for the movement of which he became the undisputed leader.
First was the Barbizon school of landscape painters, who studied people and places from a recognizable countryside, usually near Paris. Second was the recent popularity in literature and art of rural and provincial life. In addition, simple, often crude folk art and poetry were admired as naive expressions of popular culture and the working class.
Against their rugged landscape, some thirty odd friends and neighbors gathered at the open grave of a respected citizen. Combined with their ostensible politics, the lower-class content and unrefined surfaces of his paintings caused a scandal.
In Courbet challenged authority in a solo exhibition outside the grounds of the Universal Exposition. The purpose of this much-interpreted painting was a declaration of both artistic freedom and solidarity with his own community. Similar scandals shook the realm of literature.
Earlier in the nineteenth century, Stendhal Henri Beyle, began the study of contemporary manners as a way to expose hypocrisy.Wishful thinking is basically the erroneous belief that something that you want to happen will happen, even though it is highly unlikely or even impossible.
This belief is fueled by the interpretation of facts and events in the manner one would like, instead of taking the logical approach. Realism is in fact most often opposed to idealism.
The latter claims that all reality is a construction out of mental processes. religion is guilty of a massive bout of wishful thinking.
If the realities described do not actually exist, there is no ground for any cosmic optimism. "The Inductive Argument for Subjectivism" and "The. Oct 16, · It is a known fact that evidence for evolution is hard to come by and pretty much non-existent.
Evolution doesn't even qualify as a scientific theory according to . Skyler has 98 quotes liked quotes by Galileo Galilei, Carl Sagan, Thomas H. Huxley, Julian Huxley, Julian Huxley, Joseph McCabe, Herodotus, Thomas Edis. For those who were left rather underwhelmed by the Bill Nye vs.
Ken Ham debate (Ken Ham didn’t do very well), consider reviewing another far more interesting debate..
Late last year there was an interesting debate on Premier Christian Radio, “Unbelievable” with Justin Brierley between Stephen Meyer and Charles Marshall over Meyer’s latest book, Darwin’s Doubt.
Feb 24, · An intelligent Intelligent Design Creationist One of the biggest problems with the Intelligent Design Creationist movement is their attempt to corral all creationist under the same big tent.
This leads to a situation where Young Earth Creationists are afforded the same level of respect as those who accept common descent and an ancient Earth.