Simple ways to assess the product An effective writing process should lead to a successful product.
In contrast, number of sources is considered along with historical accuracy and the other criteria in the use of a holistic rubric to arrive at a more global or holistic impression of the student work. When to choose an analytic rubric Analytic rubrics are more common because teachers typically want to assess each criterion separately, particularly for assignments that involve a larger number of criteria.
It becomes more and more difficult to assign a level of performance in a holistic rubric as the number of criteria increases.
For example, what level would you assign a student on the holistic research rubric above if the student included 12 sources, had lots of inaccuracies, did not make it clear from which source information came, and whose bibliography contained most relevant information?
As student performance increasingly varies across criteria it becomes more difficult to assign an appropriate holistic category to the performance. Additionally, an analytic rubric better handles weighting of criteria. How would you treat "historical accuracy" as more important a criterion in the holistic rubric?
It is not easy. But the analytic rubric handles it well by using a simple multiplier for each criterion.
When to choose a holistic rubric So, when might you use a holistic rubric? Holistic rubrics tend to be used when a quick or gross judgment needs to be made. If the assessment is a minor one, such as a brief homework assignment, it may be sufficient to apply a holistic judgment e.
But holistic rubrics can also be employed for more substantial assignments. On some tasks it is not easy to evaluate performance on one criterion independently of performance on a different criterion.
For example, many writing rubrics see example are holistic because it is not always easy to disentangle clarity from organization or content from presentation.
So, some educators believe a holistic or global assessment of student performance better captures student ability on certain tasks. Alternatively, if two criteria are nearly inseparable, the combination of the two can be treated as a single criterion in an analytic rubric.
There is no specific number of levels a rubric should or should not possess. It will vary depending on the task and your needs. A rubric can have as few as two levels of performance e. Some do not consider a checklist a rubric because it only has two levels -- a criterion was met or it wasn't.
But because a checklist does contain criteria and at least two levels of performance, I include it under the category of rubrics. Also, it is not true that there must be an even number or an odd number of levels. Again, that will depend on the situation.
To further consider how many levels of performance should be included in a rubric, I will separately address analytic and holistic rubrics. Analytic rubrics Generally, it is better to start with a smaller number of levels of performance for a criterion and then expand if necessary.
Making distinctions in student performance across two or three broad categories is difficult enough. As the number of levels increases, and those judgments become finer and finer, the likelihood of error increases. For example, in an oral presentation rubric, amount of eye contact might be an important criterion.
Performance on that criterion could be judged along three levels of performance: Or, at the least, it is a place to start.This assessment system is distinct from levels because the assessment system is tied directly to the school's own curriculum and is relative to each year group.
The school does not assess whether pupils are ‘working towards’, ‘meeting’ or ‘exceeding’ grades in each subject.
The education field is so full of acronyms and specialized words that it can seem like a confusing alphabet soup! Find out what AYP, IEP, , and many other abbreviations and words mean in this glossary of frequently used terms.
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In education terminology, rubric means "a scoring guide used to evaluate the quality of students' constructed responses". Rubrics usually contain evaluative criteria, quality definitions for those criteria at particular levels of achievement, and a scoring strategy.
They are often presented in table format and can be used by teachers when marking, and by students when planning their work. Process, product, and purpose. Curriculum-based assessment must start with an inspection of the curriculum.
Many writing curricula are based on a conceptual model that takes into account process, product, and purpose. Writing Measurable Learning Outcomes Sandi Osters, Director of Student Life Studies outcome, assessment method, criteria for success, in the assessment cycle.
Assessment Cycle Outcome Assessment Method Criteria for The following are action verbs that can be used for various levels of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor learning.