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Complexity[ edit ] The relationship between a nation in the ethnic sense and a state can be complex. The presence of a state can encourage ethnogenesisand a group with a pre-existing ethnic identity can influence the drawing of territorial boundaries or to argue for political legitimacy.
This definition of a "nation-state" is not universally accepted. Connor, who gave the term " ethnonationalism " wide currency, also discusses the tendency to confuse nation and state and the treatment of all states as if nation states. In Globalization and Belonging, Sheila L. Crouche discusses "The Definitional Dilemma".
Nation The origins and early history of nation states are disputed. A major theoretical question is: For others, the nation existed first, then nationalist movements arose for sovereigntyand the nation state was created to meet that demand. Some " modernization theories " of nationalism see it as a product of government policies to unify and modernize an already existing state.
Most theories see the nation state as a 19th-century European phenomenon, facilitated by developments such as state-mandated education, mass literacy and mass media.
Hobsbawm considers that the state made the French nation, not French nationalism, which emerged at the end of the 19th century, the time of the Dreyfus Affair. The French state promoted the replacement of various regional dialects and languages by a centralised French language.
The introduction of conscription and the Third Republic's s laws on public instruction, facilitated the creation of a national identity, under this theory.
In both cases, the territory was previously divided among other states, some of them very small. In these cases, the nationalist sentiment and the nationalist movement clearly precede the unification of the German and Italian nation states.
However, "state-driven" national unifications, such as in France, England or China, are more likely to flourish in multiethnic societies, producing a traditional national heritage of civic nations, or territory-based nationalities. They argue that the paradigmatic case of Ernest Renan is an idealisation and it should be interpreted within the German tradition and not in opposition to it.
For example, they argue that the arguments used by Renan at the conference What is a nation? This alleged civic conception of the nation would be determined only by the case of the loss gives Alsace and Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian War.
The balance of powerwhich characterized that system, depended on its effectiveness upon clearly defined, centrally controlled, independent entities, whether empires or nation states, which recognize each other's sovereignty and territory. The Westphalian system did not create the nation state, but the nation state meets the criteria for its component states by assuming that there is no disputed territory.
The increasing emphasis during the 19th century on the ethnic and racial origins of the nation, led to a redefinition of the nation state in these terms.
Minorities were not considered part of the people Volkand were consequently denied to have an authentic or legitimate role in such a state. In Germany, neither Jews nor the Roma were considered part of the people and were specifically targeted for persecution.
German nationality law defined "German" on the basis of German ancestry, excluding all non-Germans from the people. Non-state actors, such as international corporations and non-governmental organizationsare widely seen as eroding the economic and political power of nation states, potentially leading to their eventual disappearance.
The multi-ethnic empire was an absolute monarchy ruled by a king, emperor or sultan. The population belonged to many ethnic groups, and they spoke many languages. The empire was dominated by one ethnic group, and their language was usually the language of public administration.
The ruling dynasty was usually, but not always, from that group.
This type of state is not specifically European: Some of the smaller European states were not so ethnically diverse, but were also dynastic states, ruled by a royal house.
Their territory could expand by royal intermarriage or merge with another state when the dynasty merged. In some parts of Europe, notably Germanyvery small territorial units existed. They were recognised by their neighbours as independent, and had their own government and laws.
Some were ruled by princes or other hereditary rulers, some were governed by bishops or abbots. Because they were so small, however, they had no separate language or culture: In some cases these states were simply overthrown by nationalist uprisings in the 19th century.
Liberal ideas of free trade played a role in German unification, which was preceded by a customs unionthe Zollverein.A recent study shows how the share of migrants in the total population has more than has doubled over the last forty years. Today, migration flows of workers from developing to developed countries have slowed down, due to the economic crisis.
Iceland: Small fish in a global pond case analysis, Iceland: Small fish in a global pond case study solution, Iceland: Small fish in a global pond xls file, Iceland: Small fish in a global pond excel file, Subjects Covered Analysis Competitive environment Globalization Government policy by Michael E.
Porter, Christian H.M. Ketels Source: Harvard Business Scho. • Make notes on the 3 views about globalisation shown previously.• Apply a case study to each of the views to help support it. Try to use studies weve already covered (recently or in the past).
Explain how the case study supports it.• The text books have a fairly good bit on this section! Read my boys, read! 6. Economic growth in the U.S., Germany, France and Italy will slow, says OECD — but there are some fixes.
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