Vulnerable people who are being targeted, not because they are bad people or want to get involved in criminal activity, [but] because they are vulnerable and they need a sense of belonging and through that grooming process they are given that. In suspected cases of radicalisation, social workers and local authorities are under a duty to refer the case to the local Channel panel, which will then decide the correct, if any, intervention and support to be offered to that individual. In recent months, high-profile radicalisation cases in the press have placed a greater emphasis on the role of agencies in preventing the radicalisation of individuals. This has brought the social work role more into focus, and concerns have been voiced about how well social workers understand the duty and what role they should be playing in it.
History[ edit ] This poem was written early in Shelley's career and serves as a foundation to his theory of revolution. It is his first major poem. In this work, he depicts a two-pronged revolt involving necessary changes, brought on by both nature and the virtuousness of humans.
Shelley took William Godwin 's idea of "necessity" and combined it with his own idea of ever-changing nature, to establish the theory that contemporary societal evils would dissolve naturally in time. This was to be coupled with the creation of a virtuous mentality in people who could envision the ideal goal of a perfect society.
The ideal was to be reached incrementally, because Shelley as a result of Napoleon 's actions in the French Revolutionbelieved that the perfect society could not be obtained immediately through violent revolution. Instead it was to be achieved through nature's evolution and ever-greater numbers of people becoming virtuous and imagining a better society.
He set the press and ran copies of this radical and revolutionary tract. Queen Mab is infused with scientific language and naturalising moral prescriptions for an oppressed humanity in an industrialising world.
He intended the poem to be private and distributed it among his close friends and acquaintances. About 70 sets of the signatures were bound and distributed personally by Shelley, and the rest were stored at William Clark's bookshop in London.
A year before his death, inone of the shopkeepers Chartism essay sight of the remaining signatures. The shopkeeper bound the Chartism essay signatures, printed an expurgated edition, and distributed the pirated editions through the black market. The copies were—in the words of Richard Carlisle— "pounced upon," by the Society for the Prevention of Vice.
Shelley was dismayed upon discovering the piracy of what he considered to be not just a juvenile production but a work that could potentially "injure rather than serve the cause of freedom. William Clark was imprisoned for 4 months for publishing and distributing Queen Mab.
The British bookseller Richard Carlile issued a new edition of the poem in the s.
In spite of prosecution from the Vice Society, Carlile was encouraged by the popularity Shelley's poem enjoyed with the working classes, progressives, and reformers into producing four separate editions of Queen Mab during the s.
Between and the s over a dozen pirated editions of Queen Mab were produced and distributed among and by the labouring classes fuelling, and becoming a "bible" for Chartism.
As a response to his own pending trial in for blasphemous libel, the first such case in 17 years, the Chartist Henry Hetherington brought similar blasphemous libel charges against Edward Moxonthe publisher, over the restored passages. Queen Mab, a fairy, descends in a chariot to a dwelling where Ianthe is sleeping on a couch.
Queen Mab detaches Ianthe's spirit or soul from her sleeping body and transports it on a celestial tour to Queen Mab's palace at the edge of the universe. Queen Mab interprets, analyses, and explains Ianthe's dreams. She shows her visions of the past, present, and the future. The past and present are characterised by oppression, injustice, misery, and suffering caused by monarchies, commerce, and religion.
In the future, however, the condition of man will be improved and a utopia will emerge. Two key points are emphasised: Humanity and nature can be reconciled and work in unison and harmony, not against each other. Queen Mab returns Ianthe's spirit or soul to her body.
Ianthe then awakens with a "gentle start". Of the seventeen notes, six deal with the issues of atheism, vegetarianism, free love, the role of necessity in the physical and spiritual realm, and the relationship of Christ and the precepts of Christianity.
The theme of the work is the perfectibility of man by moral means. Shelley's objective was to show that reform and improvement in the lot of mankind were possible. In her notes to the work, Mary Shelley explains the author's goals: He was animated to greater zeal by compassion for his fellow-creatures.
His sympathy was excited by the misery with which the world is bursting. He witnessed the sufferings of the poor, and was aware of the evils of ignorance.
He desired to induce every rich man to despoil himself of superfluity, and to create a brotherhood of property and service, and was ready to be the first to lay down the advantages of his birth. He was of too uncompromising a disposition to join any party.
He did not in his youth look forward to gradual improvement: Ill health made him believe that his race would soon be run; that a year or two was all he had of life. He desired that these years should be useful and illustrious. He saw, in a fervent call on his fellow-creatures to share alike the blessings of the creation, to love and serve each other, the noblest work that life and time permitted him.
In this spirit he composed Queen Mab. Ahasuerus[ edit ] Ahasuerus the " Wandering Jew " appears in Queen Mab as a phantom, but as a hermit healer in Shelley's last major work, the verse drama Hellas .Judah's Heart Engraved with Sin: 1: The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point of a diamond: it is graven upon the table of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars;: 2: whilst their children remember their altars and their groves by the green trees upon the high hills.
Cosslett , Christie and Shuttleworth , Chapple , and Paradis and Postlewait date from around the emergence of literature and science studies as a distinct field. Their overviews are to a greater or lesser extent intended to persuade skeptical readers that scientific ideas and texts are a cogent and productive topic for Victorian studies.
Introduction. Charles John Huffam Dickens was, and remains, the most well-known novelist of the 19th century. Born in Portsmouth in to the naval clerk John Dickens and his wife, Elizabeth Barrow Dickens, his education was interrupted at the age of twelve when his father was jailed for debt and Dickens was sent to work in a blacking factory.
The Factory Act Page: The Poor Law Page: The Anti-Corn League: British History of Child Labor in the 19c (Spartacus). I picked up Civilization: The West and the Rest today and have begun reading it.
So far, so interesting. I’m not 15 pages in (not counting the introduction) and Ferguson’s already laying out plenty of . The Act to Amend the Representation of the People in England and Wales (or Great Reform Act) of reshaped the political landscape of Great Britain.
Yet it did so without producing a significant alteration in the elected government or a massive extension of the franchise.