Home What was the Ark of the Covenant, and was it real?
Biblical account[ edit ] The covered ark and seven priests with rams' horns, at the Battle of Jerichoin an eighteenth-century artist's depiction.
Construction and description[ edit ] According to the Book of ExodusGod instructed Moses on Mount Sinai during his day stay upon the mountain within the thick cloud and darkness where God was   and he was shown the pattern for the tabernacle and furnishings of the Ark to be made of shittim wood to house the Tablets of Stone.
Moses instructed Bezalel and Oholiab to construct the Ark. Then it is to be gilded entirely with goldand a crown or molding of gold is to be put around it. Four rings of gold are to be attached to its four corners, two on each side—and through these rings staves of shittim-wood overlaid with gold for carrying the Ark are to be inserted; and these are not to be removed.
Missing from the account are instructions concerning the thickness of the mercy seat and details about the cherubim other than that the cover be beaten out the ends of the Ark and that they form the space where God will appear.
The Ark is finally to be placed under the veil of the covering. Whenever the Israelites camped, the Ark was placed in a separate room in a sacred tentcalled the Tabernacle.
When the Israelites, led by Joshua toward the Promised Land, arrived at the banks of the Jordan riverthe Ark was carried in the lead preceding the people and was the signal for their advance. Philistine captivity of the Ark A few years later the elders of Israel decided to take the Ark out onto the battlefield to assist them against the Philistinesafter being defeated at the battle of Eben-Ezer.
The Ark was captured by the Philistines and Hophni and Phinehas were killed. The news of its capture was at once taken to Shiloh by a messenger "with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head. The next morning Dagon was found prostrate, bowed down, before it; and on being restored to his place, he was on the following morning again found prostrate and broken.
The people of Ashdod were smitten with tumors; a plague of mice was sent over the land. The Ark was set up in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemiteand the Beth-shemites offered sacrifices and burnt offerings.
Kirjath-jearim remained the abode of the Ark for twenty years. Under Saul, the Ark was with the army before he first met the Philistines, but the king was too impatient to consult it before engaging in battle.
In 1 Chronicles At the beginning of his reign over the United MonarchyKing David removed the Ark from Kirjath-jearim amid great rejoicing.
On the way to ZionUzzahone of the drivers of the cart that carried the Ark, put out his hand to steady the Ark, and was struck dead by God for touching it.
The place was subsequently named " Perez-Uzzah ", literally "Outburst Against Uzzah",  as a result. David, in fear, carried the Ark aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittiteinstead of carrying it on to Zion, and there it stayed three months.
Holy of Holieswas prepared to receive and house the Ark;  and when the Temple was dedicated, the Ark—containing the original tablets of the Ten Commandments —was placed therein. There is no record of what became of the Ark in the Books of Kings and Chronicles.
An ancient Greek version of the biblical third Book of Ezra, 1 Esdrassuggests that Babylonians took away the vessels of the ark of God, but does not mention taking away the Ark: Some rabbis hold that it must have been carried off to Babylon, while others hold that it must have been hidden lest it be carried off into Babylon and never brought back.
Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Shimon, in the same rabbinic work, state that the Ark was, in fact, taken into Babylon. Rabbi Yehudah, dissenting, says that the Ark was stored away in its own place, meaning, somewhere on the Temple Mount.
In the Book of Jeremiahit is referenced by Jeremiahwho, speaking in the days of Josiah prophesied a future time, possibly the end of dayswhen the Ark will no longer be talked about or be made again: And it shall be that when you multiply and become fruitful in the land, in those days—the word of the LORD—they will no longer say, 'The Ark of the Covenant of the LORD' and it will not come to mind; they will not mention it, and will not recall it, and it will not be used any more.
Rashi comments on this verse that "The entire people will be so imbued with the spirit of sanctity that God's Presence will rest upon them collectively, as if the congregation itself was the Ark of the Covenant.
Then he went away to the mountain from the top of which Moses saw God's promised land. When he reached the mountain, Jeremiah found a cave-dwelling; he carried the tent, the ark, and the incense-altar into it, then blocked up the entrance.
Some of his companions came to mark out the way, but were unable to find it. When Jeremiah learnt of this he reprimanded them. The Lord will bring these things to light again, and the glory of the Lord will appear with the cloud, as it was seen both in the time of Moses and when Solomon prayed that the shrine might be worthily consecrated.
New Testament[ edit ] Carrying the Ark of the Covenant: This is the interpretation given in the third century by Gregory Thaumaturgusand in the fourth century by Saint AmbroseSaint Ephraem of Syria and Saint Augustine. For who is your equal in greatness, O dwelling place of God the Word?Answer: What happened to the Ark of the Covenant is a question that has fascinated theologians, Bible students, and archeologists for centuries.
In the eighteenth year of his reign, King Josiah of Judah ordered the caretakers of the Ark of the Covenant to return it to the temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles ; cf.
2 Kings ). The Ark of the Covenant was a sacred chest built by the Israelites, under exact specifications given to them by kaja-net.com included a pledge by God that he would dwell among his people and give them guidance from the mercy seat on the top of the Ark.
The Ark of the Covenant is a chest that, when originally built, was said to have held tablets containing the 10 commandments. It was housed in Solomon's Temple, a place that contained many.
The Ark of the Covenant was definitely real and was a part of the tabernacle, being placed in the Holy of Holies behind the curtain. I will include articles below from three Bible Dictionaries that will . These faithful Christians believe that the Ark of the Covenant was taken from Jerusalem 3, years ago, to a place called Aksum, in northern Ethiopia, where it has remained ever since — housed.
The Ark of the Covenant was a sacred chest built by the Israelites, under exact specifications given to them by kaja-net.com included a pledge by God that he would dwell among his people and give them guidance from the mercy seat on the top of the Ark.